When the chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee introduced the winner of the peace prize, Narges Mohammadi, she recited a slogan related to the ladies’s rights motion in Iran.
“Ladies, life, freedom,” Berit Reiss-Andersen stated on Friday.
Mohammadi is a outstanding Iranian human rights activist and physicist who has been preventing in opposition to the oppression of ladies in Iran.
Here’s what we all know concerning the Nobel Peace Prize winner:
Who’s Narges Mohammadi?
Mohammadi’s focus is on the struggle for girls’s rights within the area. The 51-year-old can also be a author and deputy director of the Defenders of Human Rights Heart (DHRC).
She additionally works on broader human rights points, equivalent to campaigning in opposition to the dying penalty and corruption.
“She has labored for human rights for everybody in Iran, so that is going to be an enormous enhance to the human rights defenders centre and one that’s placing her work in Iran on the map,” Henrik Urdal, director of the Peace Analysis Institute, instructed Al Jazeera.
Why did she win the peace prize?
Mohammadi gained the prize “for her struggle in opposition to the oppression of ladies in Iran and her struggle to advertise human rights and freedom for all”, in keeping with the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
She has labored on Iranian girls’s struggle in opposition to oppression for the previous 30 years.
She has contributed to the grassroots motion in Iran by empowering girls via schooling and advocacy. Her work has included organising protests and sit-ins and writing essays.
Is Mohammadi in jail?
Mohammadi is at the moment serving a 12-year sentence in Evin Jail in Tehran for expenses that embody spreading propaganda in opposition to the state.
This isn’t Mohammadi’s first sentence.
She was first arrested in 2011 and held in Evin.
She was once more arrested in 2015, days after she was charged in court docket with crimes in opposition to nationwide safety, propaganda in opposition to the state and forming an unlawful group referred to as Step by Step to Cease the Dying Penalty, Mohammadi instructed the US-based Worldwide Marketing campaign for Human Rights in Iran.
She was held in Zanjan Central Jail and released in 2020 after her sentence was decreased.
“The regime has arrested her 13 occasions, convicted her 5 occasions and sentenced her to a complete of 31 years in jail and 154 lashes,” Reiss-Andersen stated on the announcement ceremony in Oslo, Norway.
Mohammadi on Mahsa Amini
In September 2022, Mahsa Amini, 22, was arrested in Tehran by the morality police for alleged non-compliance with Iran’s costume code. She was taken to a re-education centre the place she collapsed. She was then taken to a hospital the place she died just a few days later.
Mohammadi stated the day of Amini’s dying has turn out to be a day that symbolises “the oppression of the theocratic authoritarian regime in opposition to Iranian girls” in a message despatched from jail, in keeping with Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty.
After protests in opposition to Amini’s dying broke out in Iran, Mohammadi has continued to report her expertise of abuse as a lady in Evin Jail.
“What the federal government might not perceive is that the extra of us they lock up, the stronger we turn out to be,” she wrote for The New York Instances.
Her work with Shirin Ebadi
Mohammadi is the second Iranian lady to win the Nobel Peace Prize after Shirin Ebadi gained the award in 2003 for her efforts to advertise democracy and human rights.
Ebadi is an Iranian human rights activist and lawyer. In 1975, she was the primary feminine choose to be appointed within the Iranian judiciary. She can also be the primary Muslim lady to win the Nobel prize. She has campaigned for the reform of Iran’s household legislation, together with issues of divorce, inheritance and youngster safety.
Mohammadi has labored intently with Ebadi and is the deputy director of DHRC, which was based by Ebadi.
Well being and household
Mohammadi’s work has come at the price of her well being. She reportedly suffers from a lung situation and a neurological dysfunction that causes muscular paralysis.
She has not been capable of meet her husband and two kids attributable to her imprisonment.
“This Nobel Prize will embolden Narges’s struggle for human rights, however extra importantly, that is the truth is a prize for the ladies, life and freedom [movement],” stated Mohammadi’s husband and activist Taghi Ramahi.